If you have to make a big change, there’s two approaches you can take. You can make the changes gradually, easing into something that’s new, difficult, or just different. Or, you can rip the proverbial Band-Aid off, and deal with the hassle of the transition after you’ve made it.
If you tend to take the first approach, Google Universal Analytics is perfect for you. You can set up Google UA to run alongside your existing analytics tracking code, so you want lose track of any of your existing analytics. As Google UA adds new features, and as you realize its benefits, such as tracking users across devices, you can slowly move into using UA for all your tracking needs.
But if you tend to take the second approach, Google UA is also pretty good. Just install the new tracking code, and let the analytics work their magic. Instead of clinging to your trusted metrics—site visitors, bounce rate, conversions—you can develop new metrics that will help you get a fine-grained sense of what you need to improve about your site. Here is our complete, eight-step guide to transitioning to Google UA.
Step 1: Install the Tracking Code and Set Your Goals
Google UA uses a new tracking code—analytics.js—that you’ll need to install on your website before you can begin using it. While Google UA can supplement your traditional analytics, you can’t integrate the two, so all of your data from UA will be newly collected. Just as in traditional analytics, you’ll need to set goals, such as destination or pages per visit, as the site level. For more information, see our quick start guide.
Step 2: Consider a Tag Manager
If you’re not ready to replace your existing analytics with Google UA, or have a number of analytics you’re using for your sites, Google’s free tag manager helps you keep track of which analytics you’re using when. The tag manager even has multi-account support, so you run analytics on any number of sites without switching accounts. For more details, see our introduction to the tag manager.
Step 3: Customize Your Analtyics
With Google UA you have the ability to easily and powerfully customize site traffic. By creating custom dimensions and metrics, you can measure almost any activity that goes on your site, no matter how specific. Here is our overview.
Step 4: Control Your Campaigns and Sessions
Time matters with analytics, and Google UA gives you the flexibility you need to make sure you’re accommodating visitors who spend a few minutes or several hours on your site. Likewise, you can set your marketing campaign analytics to record up to two years of activity, letting you measure the long run payoff of a link from a high-profile site. Learn more here.
Step 5: Make Your Search Results More Accurate
With Google UA you can exclude referrals and search terms to measure your site’s truly organic traffic, so your analytic reports aren’t crowded with distracting and irrelevant data. Check out our discussion of what you can do with these tools.
Step 6: Measure Multiple Devices
For many, Google UA’s ability to measure user activity on multiple devices—from tablets to smart phones—is the true game changer, as you can finally keep track of just how people are actually using your site. For more on why this matters, read our write-up, which includes tips for how to use this feature to improve your site.
Step 7: Measure Mobile Apps
In addition to measuring how users interact with your site on mobile devices, Google UA can also keep track of how users interact with your mobile apps. If you’ve set up an app that allows users to shop at your store, read your blog, or even play a game or two, Google UA can help you keep track of what they do. For more, see our guide.
Step 8: Remember Security and Privacy
Even though Google UA is more powerful, its security and privacy protections remain in place. Read our brief guide to what’s new, so you won’t run afoul of Google’s rules.
Whether you’re going to ease into Google UA, or make the jump tomorrow, this guide will give you the information you need to know before you start with Google UA.
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